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Power of Js reducer

javascript , ecmascript , functional , reducer

series: Javascript

Reducer executes a function (provided as argument to reducer) on each element of the array, resulting in single output value.

Custom Reducer function

const reducer = (array, cb, init) => {
  let result = init
  for(let i = 0; i < array.length; i++)
    result = cb(result, array[i], i, array)
  
  return result
}

1. Calculating Length of array using reducer

const length = (array) => reducer(array, (total, currEle) => total+1 ,0)

const list = [1, 2, 3]

console.log(length(list)) // 3

2. Implementing map using Reducer

const map = (array, cb) => reducer(array, (acc, currEle) => [...acc ,cb(currEle)] ,[])

const double = n => n * 2
const list = [10, 20, 30, 40]

console.log(map(list, double)) //[ 20, 40, 60, 80 ]

3. Implementing filter using Reducer

const filter = (array, cb) => reducer(array, (acc, currEle) => cb(currEle) ? [...acc , currEle] : acc ,[])

const isGreaterThanTwo = n => n > 2
const list = [1, 2, 3, 4]

console.log(filter(list, isGreaterThanTwo)) //[ 3, 4 ]

4. Implementing flatMap using reducer

const map = (array, cb) => reducer(array, (acc, currEle) => [...acc ,cb(currEle)] ,[])

const flatMap = (array, cb) => reducer(array, (acc, currEle) => [...acc , ...map(currEle, cb)] ,[])

const double = n => n * 2
const twoDList = [[1], [2]]

console.log(flatMap(twoDList, double)) //[ 2, 4 ]

5. Implementing forEach using reducer

const forEach = (array, cb) => reducer(array, (acc, currEle) => cb(currEle) ,null)

const printDouble = n => console.log(n * 2)
const list = [20, 40, 50]

forEach(list, printDouble)
/* 
output:
40
80
100
*/

6. Implementing reverse using reducer

const reverse = (array, cb) => reducer(array, (acc, currEle) => [currEle, ...acc] ,[])

const list = ["a", "b"]

console.log(reverse(list)) //[ 'b', 'a' ]

7. Implementing every using reducer

const every = (array, condition) => reducer(array, (acc, currEle) => acc && !!condition(currEle), true)

const list = [3, 6]
const isDivisibleByThree = e => e % 3 === 0

console.log(every(list, isDivisibleByThree)) // true